Die Ingolstadt Dukes sind ein American-Football-Team aus der bayerischen Stadt Ingolstadt. Seit der Saison spielen sie in der German Football League . American Football Ingolstadt Dukes: aktuelle Termine, Resultate und Tabellen auf einen Blick. - Schwäbisch Hall Unicorns an der Spitze der GFL Süd vor. Ingolstadt (DK) Letztes Auswärtsspiel für die Ingolstadt Dukes in dieser Saison der 1. Football-Bundesliga: Am Sonntag um 15 Uhr müssen die Herzöge bei den .
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Ingolstadt dukes -Sportverein Ingolstadt Deutsches Footballteam Gegründet Ingolstadt Dukes - Allgäu Comets Das Relegationshinspiel in Mannheim konnte Ingolstadt mit Nein, ab sofort könnt ihr die Tickets auch einfach ganz bequem online kaufen. Der jährige Linebacker lebt in Regensburg und arbeitet als Polizeibeamter in Kelheim. Ingolstadt Dukes H Allgäu Comets - Ingolstadt Dukes
Among its most famous instructors in the late 15th century were the poet Conrad Celtes , the Hebrew scholar Johannes Reuchlin , and the Bavarian historian Johannes Thurmair also known as "Johannes Aventinus".
The movement was made up of freethinkers, as an offshoot of the Enlightenment. Writers at the time, such as Seth Payson , believed the movement represented a conspiracy to infiltrate and overthrow the governments of European states.
The group's adherents were given the name "Illuminati", although they called themselves "Perfectibilists". The group has also been called the Illuminati Order and the Bavarian Illuminati, and the movement itself has been referred to as Illuminism after illuminism.
In , Karl Theodor became ruler of Bavaria. He was a proponent of Enlightened Despotism and, in , his government banned all secret societies, including the Illuminati.
During the period when the Illuminati was legally allowed to operate, many influential intellectuals and progressive politicians counted themselves as members, including Ferdinand of Brunswick and the diplomat Xavier von Zwack , who was number two in the operation and was found with much of the group's documentation when his home was searched.
The Illuminati's members pledged obedience to their superiors, and were divided into three main classes, each with several degrees.
The order had its branches in most countries of the European continent; it reportedly had around 2, members over the span of ten years.
The organization had its attraction for literary men, such as Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Johann Gottfried Herder , and even for the reigning dukes of Gotha and Weimar.
Weishaupt had modeled his group to some extent on Freemasonry , and many Illuminati chapters drew membership from existing Masonic lodges.
Internal rupture and panic over succession preceded its downfall, which was effected by the Secular Edict made by the Bavarian government in The Lutheran movement took an early hold in Ingolstadt , but was quickly put to flight by one of the chief figures of the Counter-Reformation: Johann Eck , who made the university a bastion for the traditional Catholic faith in southern Germany.
In Eck's wake, many Jesuits were appointed to key positions in the school, and the university, over most of the 17th century, gradually came fully under the control of the Jesuit order.
Noted scholars of this period include the theologian Gregory of Valentia , the astronomer Christopher Scheiner inventor of the helioscope , Johann Baptist Cysat , and the poet Jacob Balde.
The 18th century gave rise to the Enlightenment , a movement that in some quarters was opposed to the church -run universities of which Ingolstadt was a prime example.
The Jesuits gradually left the university as it sought to change with the times, until the university finally had become so secular that the greatest influence in Ingolstadt was Adam Weishaupt , founder of the secret society of the Illuminati.
On November 25, , the elector Maximilian IV announced that the university's depleted finances had become too great a weight for him to bear: He deprived his brother Rudolf I of the Palatinate , and forced him to abdicate in his favour from which time Ludwig governed all the territories alone.
Crowned King of Italy at Milan 31 May After joint rule became unworkable, he and his brother agreed a division of the family's territories in , under which Heinrich became Duke of Lower Bavaria Niederbayern.
The Altahenses Annales record the marriage in of " Gebhardus comes de Hirzperch " and " Sophiam ducem [Bawarie] sororem " .
He claimed the title Pfalzgraf bei Rhein in Dec , and in requested Pope Gregory X to confirm his right to an electoral vote.
While there is no evidence about the response he received, Duke Heinrich did act as the seventh elector in the election of Rudolf von Habsburg as King of Germany in , although his brother Duke Ludwig II registered his non-recognition of his brother's right 29 May .
He founded the Cistercian Order near Passau The Altahenses Annales record the marriage of " Heinricus filius O. Agnes is named in Europäische Stammtafeln  , together with her dates, but the primary source which confirms this information has not yet been identified.
The Altahenses Annales record the birth " in secundo vespera sancti Gregorii " of " Elysabeth ducissa Bavare filiam…Elyzabeth " .
The Altahenses Annales record that " Elisabeth virgo, filia Heinrici ducis Bawaria, 13 annum " became a nun " in monasterio Landshut " in .
Nun at Kloster Seligenthal. The necrology of Seligenthal records the death " VI Id Aug " of " domina Elizabet, domini Heinrici ducis Bawarie filia, monialis et professa huius domus, ligt bei uns begraben " .
The primary source which confirms her date of birth has not been identified, but the order of the names in the charter dated 6 Dec suggests that Agnes was younger than her sister Elisabeth, unless Elisabeth was accorded precedence due to seniority in their relative positions in Kloster Seligenthal.
The Altahenses Annales record the birth " in proxima nocte post sancta Scolastice virginis " of " domina Elysabeth ducissa Bauwarie filium…Ottonem " .
He was captured in by supporters of Charles Robert and released only when he agreed to abandon his claim . The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.
Her marriage was arranged after her future father-in-law swore allegiance to her father in , with a dowry of 40, marks.
The alliance broke down shortly after the marriage took place, the dowry being underpaid by 3, marks . The Chronicon Osterhoviense records the marriage in of " dominus Otto rex Ungarie " and " filiam ducis Glowie…Elyzabet ", although a later passage names her " Agnete…ducissa Gloavie " .
She married secondly Alram Graf von Hals. The Continuatio Weichardi de Polhaim records the successive births in in Vienna of two sons to " Ottonem, filium Heinrici ducis Bavarie " and his wife " Katherina, filia regis Romanorum ", and their death, but does not name them .
The primary source which confirms his existence has not so far been identified. The Chronicon Osterhoviense names " Heinricum " as son of " dominus Otto rex Ungarie dux Bawarie " and his wife " filiam ducis Glowie…Elyzabet " .
The primary source which confirms her first marriage has not so far been identified. Reni et Ducibus Bawarie fratribus nostris ", refers to a projected marriage between " Domini Ducis…filium et Elisabeth filiam nostrum " .
The Hermanni Altahenses Annales record the death " in Landshut in festo Penthecostes " of " Hainricus dux frater Ottonis et Stephani " and his burial in Landshut  , the name " Hainricus " presumably being an error for " Ludwicus ".
Bishop-elect of Salzburg Canon at Passau Cathedral He died of plague. Regent of Görz and Regent of Treviso Her marriage is deduced from the necrology of Seligenthal which records the death " XVI Kal Apr " of " dominus Iohannes com de Görtze, filius domine Beatricis nobilis ducisse Bawarie " .
The necrology of Seligenthal records the death " II Kal Mai " of " domina Beatrix ducissa Bavarie et com a de Goerzen "  , although the year appears incorrect.
Duke Heinrich II had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: The necrology of Königsfelden records the death " II Kal May " of " domina Elizabet ducissa Austrie relicta quondam ducis Ottonis "  , implying, it appears incorrectly, that her husband predeceased her.
The Necrologium Austriacum records the death " in die annunciacionis S Marie virginis " of " Elyzabeth ducissa Austrie conthuralis Ottonis ducis Austrie et filia Stephani ducis Babarie " and her burial " in Novo Monte " .
The necrology of Seligenthal records the death " VIII Kal Apr " of " domina Elizabeth iunior, inclita ducissa Bawarie et Austrie "  , although the reason for her being called " iunior " in this entry is not clear.
The necrology of Seligenthal records the death " Non Mar " of " nobilis domina Richardis ducissa Bawarie comitissa palatina Reni " .
He deprived his brother Rudolf I of the Palatinate in , and forced him to abdicate in his favour in from which time Ludwig governed all the territories alone.
After several years of war with his rival in Germany, Lud wig defeated and captured Friedrich of Austria at Mühldorf, near the River Inn, in Ludwig was actively opposed by Pope John XXII who accused him of assuming the German throne without papal confirmation, excommunicated him and placed the whole of Germany under an interdict in .
In , he finally recognised Friedrich as joint-king. Ludwig's anti-papal position received support in Germany from , when the electors declared in his favour at Obstgaten near Rhens on 16 Jun , issuing a treaty for the preservation of imperial and electoral prerogatives .
In , Ludwig recognised the claim of Edward III King of England to the French throne and prepared for war with France, though eventually adopted a position of neutrality in the dispute .
Ludwig alienated his ecclesiastical supporters in when he arranged the divorce of Margareta "Maultasch" Gräfin von Tirol from her first husband and her remarriage to his son Ludwig.
He was declared deposed 11 Jul , and Charles de Luxembourg was chosen as his successor. He died during a bear hunt when he had a stroke and fell from his horse .
The History of Henricus Dapifer de Diessenhoven records that " dominus Ludewicus et rex Anglie et marchio Iuliacensis " had married " tres…sorores…fillies comitis Hannonie sive Hollandie " .
She abdicated 7 Dec The Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis records the marriage in in Nürnberg of " marchio Fredericus iunior " and " filis regis Romanorum Mechtildis " .
The Annales Veterocellenses record the death " …die Processi et Marthinieni " of " Mechtidis marchionissa " .
Duke of Carinthia and Graf von Tirol He and his brothers partitioned their territories , he kept Upper Bavaria.
He abdicated in Brandenburg in favour of his younger half-brother Ludwig VI. The marriage contract between " Ludouicum, marchionum Brandenburgensem, primogenitum…Ludouici Romanorum Regis " and " Christoforus…Danorum Saluorumque Rex, Dux Estonie…Margaretham filiam nostram " is dated 13 Jul , witnessed by " …filium nostrum dominum Erycum " .
The History of Henricus Dapifer de Diessenhoven records the divorce in Nov of " filia ducis Heinrici Carinthie sive comitis Tyrolis " and " Iohanni filio Iohannis regis Bohemie " and her marriage " in die sancte Scholastice " in Feb to " marchioni Brandenburgensi " .
This marriage was agreed by her future father-in-law King Ludwig IV after he arranged her divorce from her first husband .
The Benessii de Weitmil Chronicon records that " Karolus…fratrem suum Iohannem…Comitis Tyrolis " repudiated his wife, after she conspired against him with her illegitimate son Albert, and that she married " Ludwico, filio Bauri, Marchionis Brandeburgensi " .
The burials of Minoritenkirche, Vienna records the death in of " Margareta marchionissa de Tyrolis in Athaso " . The History of Henricus Dapifer de Diessenhoven records the marriage in of " rex Ungarie Karolus…frater suus iunior " and " sororem ducum Bawarie, filiam Ludewici " .
Duke of Slavonia Nun at Fontenelles near Valenciennes. He and his brothers partitioned their territories , he kept Upper Bavaria jointly until when he succeeded on the abdication of his older half-brother Ludwig V as Markgraf von Brandenburg.
The History of Henricus Dapifer de Diessenhoven records that " comes Hannonie et Hollandie…soror…[et] dominum Ludewicum de Bawaria…filio…primogenito " married " rex Cracovie filiam " .
Her marriage was arranged to confirm the renewed alliance between her father and the Wittelsbach Markgraf of Brandenburg .
The History of Henricus Dapifer de Diessenhoven records that " aliam…filiam [Ludewici] " married " filius Canis dominus Verone ", dated to from the context .
The Chronicle of Matthias Nueweburgensis Continuatio records that " filio Mastini Veronensis " married " Ludewicus…sororem, quondam Ludewici principis filiam " .
The Chronicon of Pietro Azario records that " Canemsignorium " proposed to marry " Dominam cognatam viduam " after the death of her husband but that she refused .
He succeeded in as Signor di Verona. He and his brothers partitioned their territories in , he kept Lower Bavaria jointly. Willem took up arms against his mother, finally forcing her to yield 7 Dec However, the Dutch refused to accept this and in practice Willem governed alone.
As a result of a further partition in , he received Straubing jointly with his brother Albrecht. As a result of a further partition in , he received Straubing jointly with his brother Wilhelm.
Named Protector of Hainaut, Holland and Seeland in , on behalf of his brother who had become insane. He and his brothers partitioned their territories in , he kept Upper Bavaria jointly which he renounced in favour of his brother Ludwig V who in return renounced Brandenburg in his favour minor until He ruled alone in Brandenburg in , the territory being ceded to the emperor in Duke of Lower Bavaria The Necrologium Austriacum refers to the wife of Duke Rudolf as " kayser Karls tochter des vierten " .
The Chronica Archiepiscoporum Lundensium records the death in of " rege Suecie Erico…uxor sua Beatrix, primogenitus suus " and names " pater suus Magnus rex Suecie " .
He and his brothers partitioned their territories , he kept Lower Bavaria jointly. As a result of a further partition in , he received Landshut.
He inherited Upper Bavaria from his nephew Meinhard, also claiming Tirol which he was forced to concede to Austria in The Chronicle of Matthias Nueweburgensis records the death in of " filia regis Cecilie uxor Stephani ducis Bavarie " .
The Chronicle of Matthias Nueweburgensis records that " Stephani ducis Bavarie " married " filiam burggravii de Nürenberg " after the death of his first wife .
When he and his brothers partitioned the territories , he kept Ingolstadt. The name of Duke Stefan's mistress is not known.
Comte de Mortain , as part of the dowry of his second wife. Deposed and imprisoned by his son The anonymous midth century Chronicon Suevico-Bavaricum records in error for ?
The name of Duke Ludwig's second mistress is not known. She married thirdly Martin von Waldenfels zu Wartenfels -before 7 May The necrology of Seligenthal records the death " V Kal Aug " of " domina Margaretha uxor et vidua principis Ludowici iunioris Bavarie, dise fürstin ist bei uns begraben " .
He was legitimated by Pope Martin V . He was poisoned in . She married secondly 30 Nov Otto Schenk von Erbach. Her parentage and second marriage are confirmed by the following document: Appointed President of the Council of Regency 26 Apr during the periods of insanity of her husband.
She proclaimed herself regent in Duke Stefan had one illegitimate child by Mistress 1: Bishop of Regensburg When he and his brothers partitioned the territories in , he kept Landshut.
When he and his brothers partitioned the territories , he kept Munich. The necrology of Seligenthal records the death " II Non Dec " of " dominus Fridericus dux Bavarie com palatinus Reni, ist bei uns begraben " .
A charter dated 9 Apr notifies the marriage by proxy between " dominum Federichum Bavarie ducem " and " Magdalenam natam…Bernabos Vicecomes " .
The Liber defunctorum of Raitenhaslach records the death of " d a Magdalena ducissa Bauarie ux d i Friderici principis et ducis Bauarie, d a Magdalena ducissa filia eius " .
The Liber defunctorum of Raitenhaslach records the death of " d a Margareta ducissa Bauarie filia d i Friderici principis et ducis Bauarie sepultus ante altare " .
The name of Duke Heinrich's mistress or mistresses is not known. The Liber defunctorum of Raitenhaslach records the death " Kal Ian " of " Albertus dux Bauarie fil d i Heinrici principis et ducis Bauarie…hic sepultus " .
However, three of his known children are recorded in the necrological records of the same monastery, as are he and his wife.
Duke Heinrich IV had three illegitimate children by his Mistresses: Founded the University of Ingolstadt The name of Duke Georg's mistress is not known.
Member of the Benedictine Order Abbess at Neuburg an der Donau Duke Georg had one illegitimate child by Mistress 1: The necrology of Unteraltaich records the death " V Kal Mar " of " dux Philippus comes palatinus Rheni " adding that " hic Georgii ducis Bavarie sororem habuit uxorem " .
ANNA b and d , bur Seligenthal. The necrology of Seligenthal records the death " X Kal Jul " of " domina Kartarina ducissa Babarie, filia comitis de Dierol…ligt bei uns begraben " .
The name of Duke Johann's mistress is not known. Duke of Bavaria in Munich Protektor of the Council of Basel The names of Duke Wilhelm's mistresses are not known.
Duke Wilhelm IV had five illegitimate children by Mistress 1 - 5: Wilhelm had one illegitimate child by Mistress 1: Crowned Queen of Bohemia 15 Mar Duke Johann had [one illegitimate child] by Mistress 1: The Gesta Episcoporum Frisingensium record that " Iohannes Gruenwalder, decretorum doctor, filius ducis Stefani de Bavaria, illegitime tamen natus…minor annis esset " was a candidate for the bishopric of Freising in , when " Nicodemus de la Scala " was chosen as bishop, and elected Bishop in It appears chronologically unlikely that Johann Grünwalder was the son of either of the Dukes Stefan of Bavaria, but the primary source which identifies him as the son of Duke Johann has not been identified.
He died in Vienna in and was buried at Freising . The necrology of Seligenthal records the death " Kal Jul " of " dominus Ernestus dux Bavarie com palatinus Reni " .
ANNA Kräzl , daughter of Mistress 2 - 4: The names of Duke Albrecht's mistresses are not known. Duke Sigmund had two illegitimate children by Mistress 1: Duke Sigmund had one illegitimate child by Mistress 2: Canon at Augsburg cathedral , resigned.
Priest at Habach Canon at Köln cathedral , resigned. Co-Regent of Bavaria Canon at Passau cathedral , at Augsburg cathedral , and at Köln cathedral Nun at Munich St.
Mundkoch to the Duke. Canon and doctor of jurisprudence. The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not been identified.
Duke Ernst had three illegitimate children by Mistress 1: The reconstruction of the later Dukes of Bavaria has been copied from published secondary sources which appear to be reliable.
The information has not been verified against primary source documentation, unless otherwise stated. He reunited most of Bavaria under one rule, and introduced the rule of primogeniture 8 Jul Sabine fled to the court of Bavaria in , fearing for her life following her husband's crime.
Her brother Wilhelm Duke of Bavaria brought her children to her in Even after her husband's return to Württemberg in , she remained in Bavaria.
She returned to Württemberg after her husband died with their son Christoph. Wilhelm IV had one illegitimate child by Mistress 1: Wilhelm IV had one illegitimate child by Mistress 2: Provost of Freising cathedral , resigned.
Ludwig had one i llegitimate child by an unknown mistress: Coadjutor of Passau , Administrator Provost of Eichstätt cathedral and , resigned.
Canon at Köln cathedral Administrator of Salzburg She became a Clarissan nun after her husband died. Canon at Freising cathedral , at Köln cathedral Bishop of Freising Canon at Würzburg cathedral Coadjutor of Hildesheim Canon at Mainz Bishop of Hildesheim Provost at Magdenburg cathedral Coadjutor of Köln Archbishop-Elector of Köln Bishop of Münster Ernst had one illegitimate child by Mistress 1: Legitimated and ennobled "von Bayern" by Imperial order at Prague 8 Nov Provost of St Severin at Köln Ernst had three illegitimate children by Mistress 2: Legitimated by Imperial order at Prague 8 Nov He associated his oldest son with the Government 1 Dec , and abdicated 15 Oct Duke of Bavaria , when he was associated with the Government by his father.
Elector of Bavaria 25 Feb , awarded the electorate forfeited by his cousin, Friedrich V Elector Palatine, which was confirmed by the Peace of Westphalia Postulat of Regensburg Canon at Köln cathedral , at Mainz cathedral , at Salzburg and Würzburg cathedrals , at Strasbourg cathedral Canon at Würzburg cathedral , at Salzburg cathedral , resigned, at Köln cathedral , at Trier cathedral , at Passau cathedral Thesaurius at Köln cathedral Provost of Strasbourg cathedral , canon at Eichstätt cathedral , resigned.
Papal House prelate Fürstprovost of Berchtesgaden , coadjutor at Köln Provost of St Cassius at Bonn , resigned, provost of Köln cathedral Canon at Münster cathedral , coadjutor Bishop of Paderborn, Administrator of Corvey Landgraf von Leuchtenberg Canon at Münster cathedral Canon at Köln cathedral , provost at Konstanz cathedral Canon at Salzburg cathedral , at Brixen cathedral , resigned, at Münster cathedral , resigned.
Provost of St Gereon at Köln Coadjutor of the diocese of Köln and canon at Hildesheim cathedral Provost at Strasboug cathedral Administrator of Hildesheim , Bishop of Hildesheim 13 Sep Fürstprovost of Berchtesgaden and Bishop of Hildesheim Bishop of Münster 1 Sep Canon at Konstanz cathedral Canon at Köln cathedral , at Salzburg cathedral , at Augsburg cathedral Coadjutor 17 Apr , Bishop of Freising 20 Feb Provost at Altöting Provost at Konstanz cathedral Bishop of Regensburg 30 Jul He died without having been ordained a priest.
The title "Pfalzgraf von Bayern" first emerged in the later 10th century, and was passed through different families until when it died out with the last Pfalzgraf of the family of the Grafen von Ortenberg.
The role of the holder of the title "Pfalzgraf", of which there was only one in each of the original German provinces, is not known although it is possible that it related to a function at the ducal court similar to that of the palatine at the court of the Carolingian emperors .
Whatever the origin and original reason for the title, it became attached as an honorific to the name of the geographical base of the family who held it from time to time.
Thus, during the period when the Wittelsbach family were Pfalzgrafen of Bavaria the holders of the title were most frequently referred to in contemporary sources as "Pfalzgrafen von Wittelsbach" instead of the more strictly correct "Pfalzgrafen von Bayern, Grafen von Wittelsbach".
Although it is not certain that this entry refers to the mother of Pfalzgraf Hartwig [I], it would certainly explain the introduction of the first name "Wicburg" into the family of Pfalzgraf Aribo [I] if it was correct.
It is not possible that the entry refers to the mother of Pfalzgraf Hartwig [II] who is known to have been named Adela supposed granddaughter of this Wicburg.
Pfalzgraf von Bayern Hartwig's wife has not been identified. However, the Seeon necrology entry appears to exclude the possibility that this second marriage is correct.
The Vita Sancti Marini et Anniani names " utriusque Popponis avi scilicet et patris eius [Chonradi alias Chuno comitis palatini] " . Graf an der unteren Isar He founded Kloster Rott.
The Vita Sancti Marini et Anniani names " Chonradus alias Chuno comes palatinus " as founder of the monastery of Rott immediately followed by " Werta fundatrix "  , implying that the latter was Kuno's wife.
The necrology of Seeon records the death " V Id Feb " of " Uta "  , although it is not certain that this refers to the wife of Kuno.
Wegener cites a reference naming " palatinus comes Chuono et filius eius Chuono " . The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis records that " dux Suevorum Fridericus et Couno palatinus de Fohiburch " were killed " de bello apud Hoste " .
The reference in this text to " de Lotring " has not been explained, but could refer to Lotharingia. The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified.
She married secondly Ratpoto [V] Pfalzgraf von Bayern By charter dated 5 Sep , marked " unecht " in the compilation, " Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus " confirmed the foundation of Kloster Rott " in comitatu Arnolfi comitis " by " Cononis palatini ", specifying that the latter had two children " Cononem…et Irmingardam " .
It is clear that the date of this charter must be incorrect as the document refers to the death without children of Kuno junior.
However, there is no reason to believe that the brief genealogical details recorded therein are incorrect. The more difficult question is to decide the identity of her other husband.
The Fundatio Monasterii Berchtesgadensis also refers to a second marriage of Irmgard after " patre comitis Perengarii defuncto " but does not name this second husband .
He was presumably the father of " fratris sui Cunonis de Horburc " who is named in the same source as co-founder of the monastery with his brother Berengar Graf von Sulzbach.
If this is correct, her other husband must have been Heinrich [I] von Lechsgemünd , son of [Kuno Graf von Lechsgemünd and his wife Mathilde von Horburg [Achalm] -killed in battle near Mellrichstadt 7 Aug , married as her first husband before Graf Gebhard.
This, however, contradicts the explicit, although incomplete, statement in the Fundatio concerning her marriage after the death of Graf Berengar's father.
Another factor is the reference to " Cunonis de Horburc " occurring in the Fundatio after it names his brother Berengar, which suggests that he was the junior partner in the foundation and also the younger brother.
Until further information comes to light, it is assumed that Irmgard's Lechsgemünd marriage was her second and that her husband must therefore be identified as Kuno von Horburg.
The Baumburg necrology entry must therefore be explained either because Irmgard had separated from her second husband before her death, reviving her previous title, or because the compiler of the necrology considered her first husband of more importance than her second and referred to her by his name.
The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. It is assumed that it is no more than speculation, based on transmission of the name Chadalhoh to his son.
He founded Seeon in and Göss in She is named as wife of Pfalzgraf Hartwig in Europäische Stammtafeln . Graf im unteren Salzburggau. Graf von Haigermoos The necrology of Milstatt records the death " XV Kal Apr " of " Aerbo com palatinus et fundator huius ecclesie " .
Although it is not certain that this entry refers to the wife of Pfalzgraf Aribo [II], many entries in this necrology relate to members of this family and no other " Liukart com " has been identified among his relations to whom this could refer.
However, " Engilbertus comes " donated property to Brixen at the request of " fratris sui Hartwici…episcopi " for the soul of " Liudkarde coniugis sue "  which appears to confirm that Engelbert survived his wife.
He died before his father. Graf von Botenstein The necrology of Milstatt records the death " Kal Mar " of " Poto com et fundator huius ecclesie " .
Another entry in the same necrology records the death " Non Dec " of " Wichpurch filia Aribonis " .
It is assumed that Aribo had two daughters of this name, the older one presumably dying young before the birth of her younger sister. Graf im Rottgau Graf im Isengau Vogt von St Emmeram in Regensburg .
Vogt von St Emmeram. Kupper, indicating that this charter originated in the archives of Rees, suggests that the grantee was this Ermengarde .
If that is correct, her precise family relationship with Heinrich III has not been ascertained. It is more probable that the document relates to Chadalhoh Graf im Isengau .
Two charters indicate a close connection between Ermengarde and Bruno von Heimbach. Imperial Chancellor in Italy Provost at Bamberg Cathedral Archbishop of Köln His precise family relationship with Emperor Heinrich II has not been traced.
Imperial chaplain before Archbishop of Mainz Abbess of Göss Wegener refers to the document dated 17 Jul relating to the renewal of Kloster Michaelbeuern which is witnessed by " Ratpoto senior et Uodalrich et iunior Ratpoto filii eius " .
Vogt of St Emmeram. Wegener cites a source dated  which names " Otto filius Ekihardi " . The Chronicon Schirense names " Otto et Oudalricus fraters de Schyren " specifying " postea castrum Wittelenspech possederunt " .
Vogt von Fischbachau Pfalzgraf of Bavaria He founded the Abbey of Scheyern . It is possible that she was named Kunigunde, as t he necrology of Undensdorf records the death " IV Id Jul " of " Chunegunt com " .
This necrology records almost exclusively members of the Wittelsbach family and this entry cannot be linked to any other known person in the family.
The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified. Europäische Stammtafeln shows them separately .
The latter is more probable from a chronological point of view. No primary sources have so far been found to confirm the matter one way or another.
Vogt of Freising Cathedral. Vogt von Ensdorf, Ober Pfalz. He founded Ensdorf Monastery in , and Indersdorf Convent Pfalzgraf von Wittelsbach Vogt von Geisenfeld .
The document dated 17 Sep established the duchy of Austria is witnessed by " …Otto comes palatinus et frater eius Fridericus… " . The Chronicon Schirense names " Fridericus " as one of the four sons of " Ottonem…palatinus comes ", specifying that he was " pater monasterionem " and was buried " Enstorf " .
Pfalzgraf von Wörth Graf von Kelheim . Monk at Indersdorf Ulricus prepositus frater palatini Canon and Archdeacon at Freising Cathedral.
Provost at Innichen The Chronicon Schirense names " Chounradus, primo Magontinus episcopus, post Salzburgensis " as one of the four sons of " Ottonem…palatinus comes " .
Canon at Salzburg Cathedral. Archbishop of Mainz , in exile from Cardinal of San Marco Cardinal-Bishop of Sabina and Bishop of Sora Archbishop of Salzburg If this entry refers to Archbishop Konrad it is surprising that no reference is made to his archiepiscopal status.
However, no other known Konrad has yet been identified in the family to whom this could apply. The Chronicon Schirense names " Otto…iunior dicebatur palatinus comes de Witilininspach " as one of the four sons of " Ottonem…palatinus comes ", specifying that he was buried " Undinstorf " .
Vogt von Kühbach He was installed as Pfalzgraf in after his brother had been created Duke of Bavaria . The necrology of Thierhaupt records the death " XV Kal Sep " of " Otto de Witelspach palatinus "  , although the year appears inaccurate.
T he Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines refers to the wife of " Albertum [filius comiti Alberto de Everstein ultra Coliniam] " as " neptem archiepiscopi Moguntini que fuerat comitissa Silvestris sororem scilicet illius comitis Ottonis de Withhelebac qui interfecit Philippum de Suavia " .
The primary source which confirms the name of her first husband has not yet been identified. Wegener cites a source dated  which records " Otto palatinus et uxor illius Benedicta et filia eius Euphemia fratres nostri facti sunt " .
The Chronicon Schirense names " palatinus comes Otto iuvenis " as son of " Otto…iunior dicebatur palatinus comes de Witilininspach ", specifying that he killed King Philipp .
He succeeded in as Pfalzgraf von Wittelsbach. The Annales Marbacenses record that one of the four daughters of King Philipp first in the list married " Ottoni postea imperatoris ", having been first betrothed to " palatino de Witilisbach " .
The Chronica principum Polonie names " tres filios et tres filias…Boleslaum, Agnetem et Sophiam, sepultos in Lubens, necnon Henricum, Conradum et Girdrudim " as children of Heinrich and his wife, adding that Gertrud was betrothed to " palatino Reni, qui regem Almanie Philippum occidit " and later became " abbatissam Trebnicensem " .
Her origin is less clear. Wegener refers to the testament of Friedrich Pfalzgraf von Wittelsbach which names Berthold II Graf von Andechs as his near relative and concludes that Hedwig must therefore have been Friedrich's sister .
However, there must be other possibilities. Markgraf von Istria As most of the entries in this necrology relate to members of the Wittelsbach family it almost certain that these four records also refer to family members.
They cannot, however, be linked with certainty to any of the known individuals listed above. He succeeded his father in as Graf von Ortenberg.
Graf von Kraiburg He succeeded in  as Graf von Kraiburg, Pfalzgraf of Bavaria. The Altahenses Annales record the death in of " Rapoto comes palatinus Bawarie ultimus " .
Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by a charter dated under which " Heinricus…Comes Palatinus Rheni dux Bawarie " donated property to the monastery of Niederaltaich and names " nepte nostra Elisabeth filia Rapotonis quondam comitis Palatini Bawarie et marito suo Hartmanno Comite de Werdenberch " .
It is not certain that this entry refers to the first wife of Landgraf Friedrich [II] but her sister was married to a Graf von Oettingen.
The reconstruction of the Electors of Bavaria has been copied from published secondary sources which appear to be reliable.
Elector of Bavaria 25 Feb , awarded the electorate forfeited by his cousin, Friedrich V Kurfürst von der Pfalz, which was confirmed by the Peace of Westphalia Coadjutor at Regensburg 10 Mar , at Freising 27 Nov Canon at Hildesheim cathedral , at Münster cathedral , resigned.
Archbishop-Elector of Köln Jul Fürstprovost of Berchtesgaden Coadjutor of Hildesheim 8 Jan He was banished from the Empire 29 Apr , living in exile first in the Netherlands, later in France.
Ordained as a priest at Lille 24 Dec He was restored to his properties by the Treaty of Baden 7 Sep Bishop of Hildesheim 31 Dec Joseph Klemens had two i llegitimate children by Mistress 1: His father created him Landgraf von Leuchtenberg 5 Jun , which after his death reverted to the Electorate of Bavaria.
Stadhouder in Holland He was banished from the Empire from to Clarisse nun at Munich King of Bohemia , crowned 7 Dec He succeeded his mother in as King of Bohemia and Hungary.
Karl Albrecht had two illegitimate children by unknown mistresses: Karl Albrecht had one illegitimate child by Mistress 1: Karl Albrecht had one illegitimate child by Mistress 2: Karl Albrecht had one illegitimate child by Mistress 3: Karl Albrecht had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: Elected Bishop of Paderborn and Münster Ferdinand Maria had one illegitimate child by Mistress 1: Canon at Strasbourg cathedral.
Coadjutor of Regensburg Fürst-Provost of Berchtesgaden and Bishop of Regensburg , resigned. Provost of Altötting Bishop of Münster and Paderborn Bishop of Osnabrück Hoch- und Deutschmeister of the Order of Teutonic Knights Klemens August had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: Coadjutor of Freising , Bishop of Freising Canon at Augsburg cathedral .
Fürstprovost of Berchtesgaden and Provost of Altöting Maximilian II Emanuel had one illegitimate child by Mistress 1: Maximilian II Emanuel had one illegitimate child by Mistress 2: The reconstruction of the Kings of Bavaria has been copied from published secondary sources which appear to be reliable.
Graf von Rappoltstein General of Cavalry in the Bavarian Army He succeeded his distant cousin Karl Theodor as Elector of Bavaria in Lieutenant General of Cavalry in the Prussian Army Prince of Bavaria Crown Prince of Bavaria He abdicated 20 Mar in favour of his son Maximilian II.
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